Hacking is the term used to describe acts aimed at compromising digital devices such as computers, cellphones, tablets, and even entire networks.
While hacking isn’t necessarily for harmful objectives, most references to hacking, and hackers, currently describe it/them as illegal cybercriminal activity motivated by monetary gain, protest, information gathering (spying), or even just for the “joy” of the challenge.
Many people believe that the term “hacker” refers to a self-taught genius or rogue programmer capable of altering computer hardware or software to allow it to be utilized in ways that the original authors never intended. However, this is a limited perspective that does not begin to cover the huge range of reasons why people turn to hack.
Hacking is usually a technological endeavor (like creating malvertising that deposits malware in a drive-by attack requiring no user interaction). However, hackers can utilize psychology to persuade a user to open a harmful attachment or provide sensitive information. These methods are known as “Social engineering.”
In fact, hacking is a good term to use to describe the activity that is behind most, if not all, malware and hostile cyberattacks on the general public, organizations, and governments.
Aside from social engineering and malvertising, the following hacking techniques are commonly used:
- Hijacking of your browser
- DDoS (distributed denial of service) attacks
In conclusion, to better understand hacking, one must first comprehend hackers. It is reasonable to presume that they are intelligent and computer savvy. Breaking a security system, in fact, needs more intelligence and expertise than building one. There are no hard and fast principles that can be used to divide hackers into neat categories. However, we refer to them as white hats, black hats, and grey hats in computer jargon.