Out of the many things India has achieved, Space research and exploration have been key elements in the history of India. Let us look into some of the milestones set in the field of space research.
ISRO stands for Indian Space Research Organization. Headquarters based in Bengaluru; it is the National space agency of India. It is operated by DOS (Department of Space). DOS is directly overseen by the Prime Minister of India. It is the primary agency in India to perform tasks related to space-based applications, space exploration, and development.
Vikram Sarabhai recognized the need for space research. In 1962, Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) was established by Jawaharlal Nehru under the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE).
INCOSPAR grew and became ISRO in 1969. In 1972, the Government of India had set up a Space Commission and the Department of Space (DOS), bringing ISRO under the DOS.
Aryabhata was the first satellite built and launched by the Soviet Union in 1975. The first Indian-made sounding rocket was the RH-75 (Rohini-75). It was launched by TERLS in 1967. It weighed just 32 kg. Series of Rohini Sounding Rockets were developed by ISRO for atmospheric and meteorological studies. The first Indian-built launch vehicle was SLV-3 and it was used to launch the Rohini satellite in 1980.
List of some of the achievements of ISRO are:
- Spacecraft Launched by ISRO
- Launching the heaviest commercial mission in 2015.
- GSLV MK3 in 2014
- Launching IRNSS in 2016
- 2014’s Mangalyaan or MOM
- 2008’s Chandrayaan 1
The Indian Space Research Organization operates through a countrywide network of centers. Launch vehicles are developed at the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre in Thiruvananthapuram. Launches take place at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre on Srihari Kota Island, near Chennai.
Being an Indian, the work done by ISRO is quite appreciated and the Indian scientists have a lot more milestones to achieve.